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Newsletter 64

August 2004

  1. IUAES Calcutta Inter-Congress, 12-15 December, 2004
    By Buddhadeb Chauduri
  2. Call for papers by the Commission for Migrancy and Diaspora Studies
    By Anand Singh
  3. IUAES Commission on Human Rights
    By Buddhadeb Chaudhuri
  4. IUAES Commission on Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology, report 2003-2004
    By Sanja Špoljar-Vržina and Pavao Rudan
  5. Report IUAES International Commission on Urgent Anthropological Research
    By Anna Hohenwart-Gerlachstein and Stephanie Wiesbauer-Hohenwart
  6. Report of the Commission on Urban Anthropology
    By Soheila Shahshahani
  7. IUAES Membership

1. IUAES Calcutta Inter-Congress, 12-15 December, 2004

By Buddhadeb Chauduri

The theme of the next IUAES Inter-Congress is ‘Mega-urbanization, Multi-Ethnic Societies, Human Rights and Development’. It will be organized by Calcutta University in collaboration with a number of other universities, institutes and organizations in India.

Date: 12-15 December, 2004.

Last date for submission of session proposals: 31 May 2004.

Last date for submission of abstracts: 31 July 2004.

Website: http://www.iuaesintercongresscalcutta-2004.com/

Information: calcuttaintercongress@rediffmail.com

Contact person: Prof. Buddhadeb Chaudhuri, Dr. Ambedkar Chair Professor in Anthropology, Calcutta University.

Coordinator Human Rights Department, Calcutta University, B-3, Rochdale Housing, 15C Jubilee Park, Calcutta-700033, India.
Phone: 91-33-24717233 Office: 91-33-24741528 Fax: 91-33-24810981.

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2. Call for papers by the Commission for Migrancy and Diaspora Studies

By Anand Singh

This newly accepted Commission by the IUAES is making a call to researchers, academics, policy makers, politicians and others who wish to present papers linked to the subject of ‘Migrancy and Diaspora Studies’. Presentations will be part of the IUAES Inter-Congress that will be held in Kolkatta from 12 to 15 December 2004. Additional information on this event can be sought from the IUAES website.

In keeping with population movements in the twenty-first century, contemporary discourses on migration, diaspora communities and globalisation have made concepts such as ‘transnationalism’, and a ‘post-national world’ common in the literature that deals with cross-border migration – ranging from the poorest in developing countries to international commerce’s wealthy jetsetters who continuously relocate and contribute significantly to the global economy. In whatever situation people find themselves, either as migrants or as part of a diaspora community, their participation in economic activities is often determined by international conditions, yet their sense of belonging is shaped by local and national dynamics. Localized identities are often reproduced across contiguous national borders as well as distant continents suggesting that ‘trans-national social spaces are pluri-local, durable and dense configurations of social practices, systems of symbols and artifacts that span places in different countries’ (Ludger Pries, 2001, Routledge, London and New York).

It is around these social factors that a call for papers is made for the IUAES Inter-Congress in Kolkatta. Abstracts on one of the following topics should be submitted by 31 August 2004.

- Internal nationally based migration and social spaces;

- International migration and social spaces;

- Networking and new identity building in foreign countries;

- Re-creation of old identities in new neighbourhoods;

- Transference of popular culture and identity sustainability;

- Economic ethnoscapes;

- Trans-nationalism, nationality and migration;

- Trans-national families;

- Children in the diaspora;

- Refugees and host nations.

Prof. Anand Singh, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Contact by email at: singhan@ukzn.ac.za.

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3. IUAES Commission on Human Rights

By Buddhadeb Chaudhuri

The Commission will organize several sessions during the Calcutta Inter-Congress. They are listed here.

Session 1. Multi-ethnic societies, Ethnicity and Human Rights in North-East India
Convenor: Prof. R.K. Bhadra, Department of Sociology, University of North Bengal, Dist. Darjeeling, West Bengal, India, Pin 734430. Phone: (0353)2582115(O), (0353)2581345(R), E-mail: ranabhadra_socio@rediffmail.com

Session 2. Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Convenor: Prof. Emeritus K. Omoto Professor, St. Andrew’s University 1-1, Manabino, Izumi, Osaka 594-1198, Japan. Phone: 81-725-54-3131 Fax 81-725-54-320. E-mail: kocolias@andrew.ac.jp, kocolias@msg.biglobe.ne.jp

Session 3. Human Rights: Issues of Sexual Diversity and Gender Identity in Asia
Convenor: Prof. Douglas Sanders, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia, Vancuover, Canada. Professor, L.L.M. Program, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Address: Apartment 1603, Siphaya Riverview, 108 Yotha Road, Taladnoi, Bangkok 10100, Thailand. E-mail: sanders_gwb@yahoo.ca

Session 4. Ethnic Conflicts, Displacement and Human Rights
Convenor: Dr. Debi Chatterjee, Coordinator, Centre for Refugee Studies of the Department of International Relations, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India, 121/3, Purbachal Kalitala Road, Kolkata-700078. Tel: (R) 2484-2128. E-mail: debichat@yahoo.com

Session 5. Human Rights, Education and Dhankut of the Bahraich district (U.P.)
Convenors: Dr. Alok Chantia, Lecturer(Anthropology) JNPG College, Lucknow, Dr. Ritu Garg, Lecturer(Anthropology), JNPG College, Lucknow, Dr. P.B. Shukla, Lecturer(Anthropology), JNPG College, Lucknow. E-mail: alokchantia@hotmail.com

Session 6. Rethinking Discrimination: Marginalisation and Human Rights in global South Asia
Convenors: Annu Jalais. E-mail: [email protected], Murali Shanmugavelan. E-mail: [email protected], Address: Panos Institute, 9, White Lion Street, London, N1 9PD, Tel: +44 (0) 20 7239 7608 (direct), Tel: +44 (0) 20 7278 1111 (board), Fax: +44 (0)20 7278 0345

Session 7. Issues, Policies and Human Rights for Sustainable Farm Development
Convenor: Prof. Debabrata Das Gupta, Vice-Chancellor, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, P.O Krishi Viswavidyalaya (741252, District-Nadia, West Bengal. Tel (O): 91-33-25879772, Tel (R): 91-03473-222444. Fax: 03473-22275/22277. E-Mail: vcbckv@vsnl.net / ddasgupta_70@hotmail.com

Sessio 8. Urbanization and the Role of the Media in Religious and Ethnic Rights
Convenor: Ahmed Abidur Razzaque Khan, M.A. Human Rights and Social Development, Mahidol University, Salaya Campus, Thailand. Researcher, Tradisciplinary Commons, Thachin – Mekolong River basin Integrative Research Network, Mahidol University, Salaya Campus, Thailand. Tel: +661 –1967025. E-mail: aarumee2002@yahoo.com, aakhan@cambodiacic.org, humannet@mahidol.ac.th

Session 9. Migration, Trafficking and HIV/AIDS
Convenor: Mr. Manabendra Mandal, Socio-legal Aid Research and Traning Centre, Address: P-112 Lake Terrace. Kolkata-700029. Tel: 91-33-2464-5430 / 6098. E-mail: slartc@cal.vsnl.net.in

Session 10. Youth and Peace
Convenor: Department of Human Rights, University of Calcutta. Address: 35, Ballygunge Circular Road. Kolkata-700019. Tel: 091-33-24741528. Fax: 91-33-24764419. E-mail: humanrightscu@yahoo.co.in

Session 11. Human Rights and Development in Nepal
Convenor: Debaki Acharya, Doumentation assistant, Child Workers in Nepal. Address: Laharepauwa 3, Banuwadada, Rasuwa. Banuwadada. Nepal. Pin: 14341. Tel: 009771-4289038 E-mail: tilottam@hotmail.com , jcycn@hotmail.com Office Address: CWIN, P.O. Box: 4374, Ravi Bhawan. Kathmandu, Nepal, Tel: 009771-4270129; 4282255; 4278064. Fax: 009771-4278016. E-mail: cwincic@yahoo.com

Session: 12. Peace, Cooperation and Sustainable Development in Multi-ethnic Asia Convenors: s
- Mr. S.B. Peter Chakma, Executive Director, Asia Indigenous Peoples Center for Research and Development (AIPCRD), Post Box-66, Ramintra Post Office, Bangkok –10220, Thailand, Tel: 66-2-947 2575, Fax: 66-2-947 1712, E-mail: aipcrd@hushmail.com

- Mr. M. Abdus Sabur, Asian Resource Foundation, House1562/113, Soi 1/1, Mooban Pibul, Pracharaj Road, Bangkok-10800, Thailand, Tel: 66-2-9130-196, Fax: 66-2-9130197. E-mail: uarf@ksc.th.com, m_sabur@hotmail.com

- Prof. Mazane Kazumi, Faculty of Economics, Okayama University. Address: 1-1, 3cyome, Tsushima-naka, Okyama-shi, 700-0082, Japan. Tel: 086-252-1111 ext. 7548 E-mail: kmazane@e.okayama-u.ac.jp

- Prof. Buddhadeb Chaudhuri, Dr. Ambedkar Chair Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Calcutta. Address: 35, Ballygunge Circular Road. Kolkata-700019. India. Tel: 91-33-24717233. Fax: 91-33-24810981. E-mail: chau@cal2.vsnl.net.in, buddhac@rediffmail.com

- Dr. Moung Usha Thowai, TCSNP, VIP Road, Madhyam Para, Bandarban, Bangladesh.
Tel: 88-0361-62324, E-mail: drmoung@yahoo.co.in

Session 13. Development, Displacement and Indigenous Peoples
Convenors: Prof. Buddhadeb Chaudhuri, Dr. Ambedkar Chair Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Calcutta. Address: 35, Ballygunge Circular Road. Kolkata-700019. India. Tel: 91-33-24717233. Fax: 91-33-24810981. E-mail: chau@cal2.vsnl.net.in, buddhac@rediffmail.com and Prof. Kazuo Sumi, Japan.

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4. IUAES Commission on Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology, report 2003-2004

By Sanja Špoljar-Vržina and Pavao Rudan

During the 2003-2004 period the Commission continued and carried out all its regular organizational and publishing activities which are summarized in the following report.

The Commission continued regularly to publish ‘Collegium Antropologicum, the official journal of the Commission. During 2003-2004 volumes 27 and 28, one per year (two numbers) were printed. Volume 28, No.1 will be printed in June, 2004. All these volumes include a representative number of scientific and professional papers relevant to medical anthropology, significant both on the national and international level. Additionally, there were three supplement volumes published, that followed the conferences and symposia sponsored by the Commission (Suppl. 1., Vol. 27, 2003 and Suppl. 2. , Vol. 27, 2003, Suppl. 1., Vol. 28, 2004 ).

During the same period the Commission co-organized together with the Inter-University Centre of Dubrovnik an international workshop entitled Anthropology and Health, which was held annually in Hvar, Croatia. The topics covered, by a one-week workshop, had the theme: Anthropology and Health: Phylogeographic Structuring of Modern Human Populations – mtDNA and Y chromosome Perspectives (6-10 September 2003).

The next Anthropology and Health workshop is planned for June (2004) and is dedicated to various topics in contemporary Medical Anthropology.

The most intensive part of the Commission’s work in the past period was the organization of the symposium Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology – Around and Beyond the Simple Cross-Fertilization of Fields, that was held from 5-12 July, 2003 in Florence, Italy, within the framework of the 15th Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Humankind/Nature Interaction: Past, Present and Future. The symposium was attended by over 30 lecturers and was also co-joined by colleagues from the Symposium on the Anthropology of HIV/AIDS, organized by Professor Frants Staugard.

Currently, all the collected papers from the Symposium are being reviewed and publishing negotiations are underway.

The Commission’s involvement in sponsoring and supporting (as one of the founders) the Anthropology Curricula at the Faculty of Philosophy is ongoing. In the fall of 2003 the fourth generation of students was enrolled in its programme. The International members of the Commission play an enormous role both as the advisory pool we can always count on (in enhancing the quality of our lecturing standards), or by providing us with potential addresses to which our students can be further directed for upgrading their knowledge. We envisage that this collaboration will become even more intensified with the acceleration of the European integration processes that our country is undergoing. Having this in mind we see the role of the Commission being very accentuated in all educational aspects of higher education in Croatia, in the years to come.

Through cooperation with colleagues from the International Association for the Study of Forced Migration (IASFM) a successful publication was produced, under the title The Refugee Convention at Fifty: A View from Forced Migration Studies (Van Selm J., Kmanga K., Morrison J., Nadig A., Špoljar-Vržina S., Van Willigen L. (eds.) Garfield, USA: Lexington Books (2003). Within the publication the paper entitled Medical Anthropology in the Service of Forcefully Migrating Populations: Current Boundaries, Future Horizons and Possible Delusions has, among other frameworks, also endorsed the importance of considering medical anthropology as one of the leading fields in forced migration studies. We regard this to be a good model through which the Commission can link its work to other leading international associations, dedicated to research of populations in need, while simultaneously sensitizing them to the work of our discipline.

In the incoming period the Commission will continue with its publishing work and activities related to the organization of scientific meetings focused on specific themes. There are a number of conferences, workshops and symposiums to be held that will surely give us a chance to enhance our level of national action by intensifying international co-operation.

More fruitful funding circumstances are yet to be embraced and we welcome and support every effort to do so. Meanwhile the continuation of high quality scientific work, as mutually strongly felt by all members of the Commission on Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology, will be continuous as it has been up till now.

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5. Report IUAES International Commission on Urgent Anthropological Research

By Anna Hohenwart-Gerlachstein and Stephanie Wiesbauer-Hohenwart

Bulletin No. 41 (2001-2002) was published ready for distribution before the 15th IUAES World Congress in Florence, Italy, July 5-12, 2003. Bulletin No. 42 is in preparation and will come out at the end of 2004. Newsletter No. 15 (2002-2003) appeared in April 2004, containing Questionnaires, Reports from our Regional Centres in Africa, Latin America and Asia and many other contributions and information, especially about the Ranchi Conference.

The location of the Commission moved from the Institute of Ethnology, Cultural and Social Anthropology at the University of Vienna, to the Department of Ethnomedicine, headed by Professor DDr. Armin Prinz, at the Vienna Medical University, A 1090 Vienna, Währingerstraße 25, Austria. Postal Address is the Research Centre of the Commission on Urgent Anthropological Research, c/o Stephanie Wiesbauer-Hohenwart, A 1070 Vienna, Burggasse 33, Austria. E-mail: [email protected]

- Participation at the 15th IUAES World Congress in Florence, Italy with two Symposia organized by the Chairpersons Professor Vijay Upadhyay and Dr. Mathur, both from India.

- Reports of the activities of the Regional Centres are to be found in the Newsletter.

- Preparation of the Special Focus Symposium ‘Strategies for Development of Indigenous

People’ from December 16-18, 2004 in Ranchi, India, in cooperation with the IUAES Inter-congress in Kalkutta, India (December 12-15, 2004). The chairperson is Professor Vijay Upadhyay, e-mail: [email protected] This Symposium is gracefully sponsored by Mrs. Christiane Lohner, a private Austrian lady, and the Austrian Development Agency.

- In cooperation with the Department of Ethnomedicine a workshop has been organized in preparation for this Symposium. A summary of this workshop will be published in VEN-Viennese Ethnomedicine Newsletter.

- At the end of the UN Decade for Indigenous People, we cordially invite you to join the IUAES Commission on Urgent Anthropological Research as a contributor and to participate at the Conference ‘Strategies for Development of Indigenous People’ in Ranchi, India, December 16-18. For further information, kindly send an e-mail with your name and address to: [email protected] or [email protected]

Ranchi Post Inter-Congress Session on Strategies for Development of Indigenous People

In the new millennium, we should look at human society not only from a global point of view, but discern simultaneously the various forms and levels of cultural and socio-economic existence as the basic network for human survival and improvement of life. These diverse forms of existence, based on cultural traditions, form the precious Cultural Heritage of mankind, to be maintained and cared for to the benefit of future generations. The most endangered part of the heritage is the cultural uniqueness of indigenous people. At the beginning of this millennium, they are facing new problems, because even remote areas are involved in the ongoing process of globalization. Therefore anthropologists and all scientists should help them in critical situations. In coping with these problems and in cooperating with the people and with international institutions, they should find strategies for their development without neglecting their cultural traditions as the backbone of their social identity and as valuable contributions to the Cultural Heritage of mankind.

The Commission on Urgent Anthropology has been continuously working for and with the most endangered people, well aware of the manifold and very diverse problems they face.

There cannot be just one worldwide uniform solution for the development of indigenous people in the twenty-first century, but many different ways and possibilities are to be proposed and discussed. These strategies of development form the central theme of our Post Inter-Congress Session at Ranchi, India in December 2004.

In order to keep the spectrum wide, it is up to the scientific world in accordance with the people concerned to define ‘indigenous’ according to their theories and the cultural and socio-political situation in the field of analysis and scientific observation. This term may address a native population, an ethnic section of some large population, a depopulating group, a social/numerical/linguistic/religious minority group, a marginalized segment of society (like deprived children, cured leprosy patients, beggars, sex-workers) or another definable category.

The experts should feel free to choose their concepts in focussing their observations and analysis for strategies. Possible themes may be empowerment, safeguarding social identity, ethnicity concepts, supporting self-planning and decision-making, use of traditional bases of development, sustainable development and others. It is of major importance to focus on suggestions suitable for UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO and other organisations interested in the development of indigenous people.

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6. Report of the Commission on Urban Anthropology

By Soheila Shahshahani

Chairman: Professor Ghaus Ansari, University of Vienna, Austria.

Co-Chairperson: Dr. Giuliana Prato, University of Kent, Great Britain.

Executive Secretary and Editor of the Newsletter: Dr. Soheila Shahshahani, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Assistant to the editor of the Newsletter: Mag. Danila Mayer, University of Vienna, Austria.

The Commission on Urban Anthropology, exactly twenty years after it started its activity in 1983 held a 3-day Pre-Congress in Lucca, 5-7 July 2003. The report of these three days is printed in the Newsletter of the Commission, dated January 15, 2004. Two volumes of these articles will be edited by Dr. Giuliana Prato. The first volume is due by December 2004, to be published by University of Florence.

This commission will have an active participation in Calcutta. Eleven sessions are proposed:

  1. Future of Mega City: State versus Globalization. Mail to [email protected];
  2. Noise, Voice and Music in Urban Areas. Mail to [email protected];
  3. The Post Colonial City. Mail to [email protected];
  4. Urbanization Process in Harsh Agro-climate Regions. Mail to [email protected];
  5. Impact of Urbanization on Civic Facilities on the Urban Dwellers. Mail to [email protected];
  6. Kinship and Complexity in Urban Context: West and East. Mail to solinas@unisi.it;
  7. Urban Anthropology-Anthropology of Protest: Protest, Riots and Resistance: Urban Phenomena. Mail to mayerdane@hotmail.com;
  8. The Overseas Indians: Emergence of Multi Ethnic Urban Societies with Multiple Identities. Mail to swapna@cal2.vsnl.net.in;
  9. Treatment and Prevention of Diseases in Urban Context: Anthropological Perspectives. Mail to babubv@satyam.net.in;
  10. The Significance of Exchange in Tribal and Peasant Societies and the Role it plays among the same People who migrate to Mega-Cities. Mail to pgr4@columbia.edu or gpfeffer@gmx.com;
  11. Urban Agriculture and Urban Poor Searching for an Alternative Survival Strategy
For information please contact Prof. Sumita Chauduri: Sumita_chau@hotmail.com.

A second Inter-Commission session will deal with the theme Pastoral Nomads in Urban Areas. Information from: Soheila Shahshahani: Soheila@kanoon.net

In order to participate in any of these sessions please contact the organizer of the session directly or look at the Inter-Congress site: www.iuaesintercongresscalcutta-2004.com/ and contact the secretariat of the Inter-Congress.

[email protected] can also be contacted for further information.

Future conferences
The program of the future conferences of the commission is also printed in the Newsletter 2004. Briefly they will be:

- Racism’s Many Faces: Challenge for All Anthropologists and Ethnologists is an Inter-Congress planned for August 2005. You can contact Dr. Petr Skalnik petr.skalnik@upce.cz for further information. Our Commission will propose certain topics for this occasion.

- Cities of Pilgrimage & Cities of Central Asia Respond to Globalization is scheduled for December 2005. Dr. Soheila Shahshahani Soheila@Kanoon.net is responsible for this double conference.

- Cities on the Mediterranean: Old World’s Modernities in a New Millennium, is planned for 2006 by Dr. Fernando Monge who can be reached at mailto:fmonge@ih.csic.es.

- European Urban Identities is organized by the Dr. G. Prato for 2007. She can be reached at g.b.prato@kent.ac.uk.

For the 2008 IUAES World Congress we will definitely have many sessions which will be announced later. Topics of interest to our commission may summarily be given: Ecological and environmental problems in urban areas / Green spaces in urban areas and the patterns of interaction amongst urbanites due to these spaces / globalization and urban networks/mega-cities and their fragmentation / the multicultural urban centers / urban administration / racism, segregation , human rights and education in urban areas / renewal of kinship ties in urban centers / protest in urban areas / culture of fear and sensational media in mega-cities / urban planning and housing / the noise, voice and odour of urban areas.

The following publications are the collective efforts of our commission members:

1983 G. Ansari and P.J.M. Nas, editors, The Dynamics of Urban Anthropology, E.J.Brill, Leiden, the Netherlands.

1985 A. Southal, P.J.M. Nas and G. Ansari, editors, City and Society: Studies on Urban Ethnicity, Life-Style and Class, Leiden Development Studies, No.7.

1993 G.E. Karpinska, editor, The City: Today, Yesterday and the Day Before, University of Lodz, Poland.

1995 K. Aoyagi, Peter J.M. Nas and J.W. Traphagan, editors, Toward Sustainable Cities: Readings in the Anthropology of Urban Environments, Leiden Development Studies, No. 15.

1998 Peter J.M. Nas, editor, Urban Rituals and Symbols, special issue of Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 22, No. 4.

2002 A. Erdentug and F. Colombijn editors, Urban Ethnic Encounters: The Spatial Consequences, Routledge, London.

2003 B. Benzing and B. Hermann, editors, Exploitation and Overexploitation in Societies Past and Present, IUAES-Intercongress 2001, Göttingen (contains a number of articles by our commission members).

2004 (forthcoming) S. Shahshahani, editor, Body as Medium of Meaning, Lit-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.

If you would like to be on our list and receive the Newsletter regularly, please send us a note to: [email protected] or [email protected] Or mailing address: Newsletter of the Commission on Urban Anthropology, Institute for Ethnology, Cultural and Social Anthropology University of Vienna, Universitaetsstrasse 7, A-1010 Vienna.

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7. IUAES Membership

We invite you to become a member of the IUAES.

Click here for information on membership.

©IUAES/Peter J.M. Nas